High in the Andes Mountains of Peru, at more than 2400 metres above sea level, this Incan citadel was built in the 15th century and later abandoned. Approximately 200 structures make up this outstanding religious, ceremonial, astronomical and agricultural centre set on a steep ridge, crisscrossed by stone terraces offering panoramic views. To this day, many of Machu Picchu’s mysteries remain unresolved, including the exact role it may have played in the Incas’ sophisticated understanding of astronomy and domestication of wild plant species. It was not until 1911 that the archaeological complex was made known to the outside world.
A truly amazing experience, make sure you stay a night or more in Aguas Calientes. It is also worth the hike up Huayna Picchu for spectacular view, but only 400 permits are issued for each day, so organise in advance.